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The Importance of Guidance and Counselling Teachers to Functional Education of the 21st Century towards the Students

The Importance of Guidance and Counselling Teachers to Functional Education of the 21st Century towards the Students

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Some importance Guidance and counselling in school curriculum According to Ajowi,(2010), ‘if we want to make our students as a moral human being, school curriculum is one of the best ways to serve this purpose’. Students have a strong desire to know about different types of needs, curiosity, and other unknown things. If do not get the correct instructions, the possibility of students going to be astray too strongly. So, they need to be guidance through school curriculum.

Through school curriculum develops some qualities of students which are helpful in guidance and counselling.  When counselling and guidance offered in a (nursery) school or institution does not bring expected results or it is necessary to assess whether the child needs support in forms other than psychological and educational support because of his/her educational needs, it is advisable to perform a specialist assessment in a counselling and guidance centre. Support is sought from counselling and guidance centres on a voluntary basis Birichi, (2002.

Such centres perform assessments, provide information or give opinions on the results of such assessments at the request of a parent or an adult learner. Statements issued by the centres are provided to the (nursery) school/educational institution attended by the pupil/student concerned only at the request of the parent or the adult learner.

The Importance of Guidance and Counselling Teachers to Functional Education of the 21st Century towards the Students:

Student Support: The biggest benefit of school counsellors is that they prepare students for academic, career and social challenges by relating educational agendas to their success in the future. They make students motivated learners and facilitate their exploration of careers.

Counsellors also encourage students to talk to their parents or guardians about the things that they are worried about. When students do not feel comfortable talking about emotional or social problems at home, school counsellors may have individual counselling sessions with them. If there is a problem occurring with a group of students, a group counselling session might be warranted. Sometimes counsellors include the parents in these sessions for larger issues to determine whether outside counselling or support is necessary.

Parent/Guardian Support: The support that school counsellors provide for parents and guardians is just as important as the support that they give to students. They may facilitate individual, parent-teacher or parent-parent consultations and discussions to ensure that everyone is on the same page when it comes to issues regarding the students, whether it involves disciplinary decisions, specific educational material or social provocations. School counsellors might even provide education to parents and act as a resource for parents who have questions about child-related problems.

 They also ensure that parents understand the services that other staff such as nurses, psychologists, resource teachers and social workers can provide for students who have special needs or abilities. When the parents need extra support, the counsellors help them find it, whether it is within the school system or the community.

Teacher Support: School counsellors provide a lot of support to teachers by completing a team that can effectively address the educational goals and needs of students, leading to an increase in student achievements. They can help plan classroom and group activities that meet the students’ needs.

Counsellors gather and share resources with teachers to help the staff develop their skills in classroom management and teaching effectiveness. They also observe students in the classroom or playground and provide teachers assistance with their roles as guides. School counsellors review student records as well to ensure that teachers understand their implications and to facilitate parent-teacher conferences Bishop,(2003).

Administrative Support: School administrators are responsible for running all school operations, from educational materials to everyday school activities. School counsellors are an integral part of these responsibilities. They ensure that the school counselling program and academic mission are in line and promote student success.

Counsellors also develop a system to manage the program and help the administration use counsellors effectively to augment student development and learning Feltham, (2006). By evaluating the program, they can monitor data to make improvements to it and streamline its goals with their responsibilities. Additionally, they provide useful data from the program for funding and grant application purposes.


Development of inner potentials: As a child, he/she is the owner of some quality. There is a need for well-meaning education for the students to develop these qualities. This development is possible through school curriculum. Development of life skill: Some qualities are needed for a healthy way of living, those qualities are life skills. Those qualities are self-realization, self-esteem, debate, self-respect, decision making, emotion control, tolerance etc. Through the curriculum, Guidance and Counselling is essential for the development of student life skills

Career selection: The students can choose a career in learning to study. Good career selection depends on the right curriculum. Once again, the person gets the satisfaction in choosing the right profession. It is to be said that this curriculum of Guidance and Counselling is accomplish through curriculum. In this way, the person is able to select and develop the right profession.

Citizenship: How will a person establish himself as a good citizen, they need all the guidance. This kind of guidance and counselling, the curriculum makes the person aware of the qualities of citizenship. Functions of educational guidance and counselling in different stage of education Guidance and counselling programs is another part of education. But this program plays different roles in different stages of education

Primary level: The guidance and counselling for this stage are-enhance interest in education among the students, reduce the drop out, make suitable for secondary school level, help to solve of emotional problem, help to adjust with different matters, identification of low achiever students and help them to achieve.

Secondary level: The tasks of this level are-Students awareness of the purpose of education, help to know the relationship between career and education, prognostic educational system for low achiever students, arrange vocational education for the students and may take the job of choice, assist to the students to solve various adolescents problems, to provide various information related to higher education.


  • conducting assessments/making diagnosis for children and young people;
  • issuing statements/opinions and certificates concerning education for children and young people;
  • providing direct support to pupils/students and their parents;
  • problem-prevention activities and tasks supporting the educational function of (nursery) schools and other educational institutions, including support offered to teachers in addressing problems related to education and care;
  • support provided to (nursery) schools and other educational institutions.


Guidance and counselling centres are of vital importance at all levels at Education. Furthermore, many students do not know or value the importance of education in the sense that they do not exploit their environment. This is because they are guided towards the manipulation of environment. This is because they are guided towards the manipulation of the resources around them and so they are never serious with their education.

The nation is also there among parents and heads of schools that the essence of education but that is not all. As a matter of facts, the aim of education will be defeated if the students cannot out of interest choose a career to follow while in schools. In the actual sense, the presence of guidance and counselling in our neither schools will in nor small measure reduce the rate of drop out, juvenile delinquency, armed robber and other social ills.


Ajowi, E (2010). Role of Guidance and Counselling in Secondary Schools. Thesis, Maseno University.

Birichi, N (2002). Guidance and Counselling. Nairobi: Longhorn publishers.

Bishop, S (2003) The development of Peer Support in Secondary Schools. Pastoral Care in Education 21 (2), 27-34

Biswalo, O (1987). Foundation of Guidance and Counselling Diverse African Context. Dar Salaam: Dar Salaam University Press

Borg, (1993). Education Research. New York: Longman.

Chianu, E. (2007). Corporal Punishment in Primary and Secondary School. Asaba: Publishers limited Ensell Books.

Cozly, P (2003). Methods in Behavioural Research (8th ED). Madrid: McGraw Hill

Engelks, G (1982). Introduction to counselling. Boston: Houghton Miffin Company.

Feltham, C (2006). Handbook of Counselling and Psychotherapy. London: SAGE Publication.

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